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Currently Intel’s Quantum research on transistor-free chips rely on relatively inexpensive silicon wafers.
Traditional computers use 0 and 1 respectively. Quantum computers can use both at the same time by spinning the silicon qubits.
Intel scientist Jim Clarke claims that "silicon qubits have the potential to operate at “ever so slightly higher temperatures” than superconducting qubits. “What that means is you could probably put integrated circuits closer to the qubit plane. These will basically bring control electronics closer,” he says. Besides helping the devices scale even faster, silicon quibits could accelerate the miniaturization of machines that typically require their own rooms.
Researchers are saving money by applying conventional Silicon Wafers for Quantum Computing to send data using light.
Recently a researcher purchased the following silicon wafer spec for their qubit research.
Silicon Wafer Item #2018 - 50.8mm Undoped Float Zone <100> >10,000 ohm-cm 280um SSP Prime Grade SSP also available. ref 251774
Silicon can hold onto special electron spin-orbit interactions that can be manipulated using only electricity. The interaction last longer in silicon than other materials, even though they are difficult to control.