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Soda Lime Glass to Fabricate Microfluidic Devices

A Phd requesed a quote for the following:

Reference #251860 for specs and pricing.

Spectral Data of Soda Lime Substrates

A scientist requested the following quote:

We needed the spectral data for design purposes only. We are making an interference filter with characteristics in the 1.7-2.4 micron region with blocking out to 6 microns and were hoping that the absorption characteristics of the substrate will relax the blocking contribution requirements of the coating on the long edge. If you have any other grades of soda lime that may help us in this way please let us know.

Answer: Usually, Soda Lime glass is considered and used in short wave before 2000nm.

Reference #42839 for chart, specs and pricing.

Soda Lime Wafers Used in Photo-Lithography

A scientist requested the following quote:

I am looking for a soda lime (or glass) wafers (or microscope slides 3"x1" or less) which are ready to use in photo-lithography process without the need of cleaning process. I prefer it will be 2 sides polished, but the most important thing is that I will not have to clean it.

Reference #226369 for specs and pricing.

Get your Soda Lime Glass Wafer Quote FAST! Or, Buy Online and Start Researching Today!

Soda Lime Glass Coated FTO Substrates

A scientist requested the following quote:

For the glass we are looking for soda-lime glass coated with 100 nm FTO over Ti adhesion layer. I am not sure what sizes you can offer but we are typically looking for 1.5*1.5 cm cuts and the quantity will be different for different alloys, may be 50 piece of that size for each composition. We are looking for a 1.5 micrometer thick film coating of the alloy. Before I  specify the different alloy compositions, I would appreciate if you can give us an estimated cost for 50 sputtered glass chip 15*15mm for 1.5 micrometer Ti-Ce for instance. If you can not offer that size please let me know the sizes I can choose from. Thanks a lot!

Reference #198414 for specs and pricing.

Researchers have used the following Soda Lime Glass wafers to deposit a polymer coating on the surface to study the optical properties of the polymer.

100mm Soda Lime 500um DSP

What are the Mechanical Properties of Soda Lime Glass Windows?

Soda-lime glass is the most common type of glass used for windows, bottles, and many other everyday products. Its properties are due to its specific composition and manufacturing process. Here are the mechanical and optical properties for soda-lime glass substrates that are 76.2mm in diameter and 550 microns thick:

Mechanical Properties:

  1. Density: Approximately 2.5 g/cm³.
  2. Young's Modulus (E): Typically around 70 GPa (gigapascals), which indicates its stiffness.
  3. Poisson's Ratio: About 0.22, which describes the relative displacement in perpendicular directions during deformation.
  4. Hardness: The Mohs hardness is about 5.5 to 6, meaning it can be scratched by harder materials like quartz but is harder than materials like apatite.
  5. Tensile Strength: Ranges from 33 to 48 MPa (megapascals). However, the actual tensile strength can be significantly reduced by surface imperfections.
  6. Compressive Strength: Much higher than its tensile strength, often exceeding 1 GPa.
  7. Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: Around 9 x 10⁻⁶/°C, indicating how much the material expands or contracts with temperature changes.

Optical Properties:

  1. Refractive Index: Typically around 1.5 for visible wavelengths. This value can vary slightly based on the exact composition and manufacturing process.
  2. Transmission: Soda-lime glass is transparent to visible light, with a transmission rate often exceeding 90% for visible wavelengths. However, it absorbs ultraviolet (UV) light and some infrared (IR) wavelengths.
  3. Abbe Number: Typically around 58, which is a measure of the material's dispersion or how much the refractive index changes with wavelength.
  4. Birefringence: Soda-lime glass is isotropic, so it doesn't exhibit birefringence when it is not under stress.
  5. Absorption: As mentioned, soda-lime glass absorbs UV light and some IR wavelengths, but its absorption in the visible range is minimal.

It's worth noting that the exact properties can vary based on the specific composition of the soda-lime glass and the manufacturing process. If you're considering using soda-lime glass for a specific application, it's essential to consult with the manufacturer or supplier for precise property values.

Soda Lime Used as an Insulator

A PhD researchign novel batteries for electric vehicles asked the following:


We are working on creating a prototype of a battery that can operate off oxidation and reduction of glucose. This will involve laying gold traces by thermal evaporation, baking up to 120 C, and frequent soaking in Acetone, as well as use in a glucose rich media. The wafer will need to also be an insulator. Which wafer would you recommend?


Simply use glass. Ordinary soda glass will do. If you want to be fancy, use borosilicate glass of Pyrex glass.

Reference #206905 for specs and pricing.

Soda Lime Glass Window Applications

Applications where too much heat build up is a problem Hot mirrors to reflect Infrared and Transmitting Visible Light Cold mirrors for trasmitting Infrared (IR) and Reflecing Visible Light.

Soda Lime Mirror
Printed Circuit Boards
soda lime circuit boards
Soda Lime Micro Slides
Electronic Applications
Soda Lime Electronics Applications

Diced Soda Lime Wafers for a Microfabrication Mold

A PhD in Aerospace Engineering requested the following quote:

Do you have any 250ľm and 500 micron thick glass wafers in stock? I would like to order 2 of each. We will dice it up and assemble for a microfabrication mold. Essentially needs to be Soda lime glass.

250µm 100mm diameter 5 wafers
500µm 100mm diameter 2 wafers

Reference #210680 for specs and pricing.

Buy Soda Lime Windows Online And SAVE!

Item Dia Thick Polish
2598 25mm x 25mm 1.1mm DSP
2600 50mm x 50mm 0.7mm DSP
1629 50.8mm 500um DSP
1630 100mm 550um DSP
1634 300mm 500um DSP

What is Soda Lime Glass Wafers?

Soda lime glass is one of the most common types of glass wafers. It is a form of borosilicate glass that is commonly used in mirrors and microslides. Unlike borosilicate and quartz, soda lime glass is scratch- and break-resistant, making it ideal for use in electronics. Its low cost and high specific density make it an affordable material for glass fabrication.

Soda lime glass is made by melting raw materials in a furnace at temperatures up to 1675 degrees Celsius soda lime wafer polishing(270°F). Because soda contains iron oxide, it reduces cross-linking. The addition of soda reduces the amount of cross-linking in the glass, replacing covalent bonds with ionic ones. Soda lime glass is also easier to work with than pure silica, which tends to break easily.

In order to reduce the amount of iron in the soda lime glass, an additional electron is bound to the silicon atom. Soda-lime glass is highly sensitive to changes in temperature and develops high thermal stresses that can cause cracking. In order to combat this problem, a second important family of glass was developed. The use of these types of glass wafers in semiconductor manufacturing enables manufacturers to produce highly functional products.

Soda-lime glass is an inexpensive, chemically stable material. It can be melted multiple times and is suitable for recycling. Soda-lime glass has several advantages over pure silica, which is often referred to as fused quartz. Pure silica has a high melting point, making it difficult to process. Soda-lime glass is chemically stable and is therefore better suited to electronic applications.

The main disadvantage of soda lime glass is its high coefficient of thermal expansion. Soda lime glasses are susceptible to changes in temperature. Their high coefficient of thermal expansion and low softening temperature cause high thermal stresses and cracking. As a result, they were replaced by a second important family of glasses. In some cases, they are more expensive than soda-lime glass, but this does not necessarily mean they are not as durable.

Because soda-lime glass is chemically stable, it can be used in solar cell panels and in a range of different applications. A typical solar panel uses a soda-lime glass chip. This type of wafer is not suitable for semiconductor production. Despite its high cost, it is an excellent option for a photovoltaic device. It has many benefits, including a high-quality LED. Its color is readable.

Soda-lime glass is a type of borosilicate glass that can be recycled, unlike soda-lime glass. Soda-lime glass is also very fragile and must be handled with care, so it is essential to choose a quality, durable glass. Soda-lime glass can be re-melted. It is also used in food and beverage processing. The clear color of soda lime glass makes it a popular choice for packaging.

Soda-lime glass is an economical and recyclable material that can be produced at a large scale. The glass is suitable for drinking glasses, bottles, and windows. The low melting temperature makes it ideal for window glass. It is non-reactive and has a smooth surface. Soda-lime glass is a versatile and inexpensive material for various uses. The chemical reactions that take place in these glassware products are not only environmentally friendly, but they are also highly effective.

Soda-lime glass is the base material for most types of glass. Its properties include uniform thickness, good flatness, and little or no green tint. It can be fabricated into almost any shape and is very durable. Soda lime glass can also be molded into a variety of shapes and sizes. It is a useful material for windows and containers. Soda-lime glass can be shaped into virtually any shape and is very flexible.

Soda-lime glass is a high-quality glass material. The chemical composition of soda lime glass allows for a wide range of scientific applications. Soda lime glass wafers are ideal for anodic bonding with silicon or MEMS. The high-quality material has low thermal expansion. Soda-lime is used in various devices. Soda-lime glass has very low melting point and is very cheap.

What is Soda Lime Applications?

It is used in science and research for a wide range of scientific applications and in a wide range of applications, such as the development of new materials and materials science applications. In this study we have shown the use of soda lime glass as a peeling graphene substrate for the production of graphene nanostructures. We grew lemonade glass at 450 AdegC and showed that the arranged atoms indicate the texture. [Sources: 4, 7, 8]

In Fig. 1 we present the results of the cultivation of glass at 450 AdegC and the synthesis with Mos-2 and the cultivation of graphene nanostructures with a thickness of 0.5 micrometers and a surface of 1 mm. [Sources: 2]

The experimental parameters are identical in all samples shown, except for the thickness of graphene nanostructures at 450 AdegC and the surface thickness. [Sources: 2]

We have examined silicon and acrylic coatings on fibreglass reinforced polyester sheets and found that they are acceptable candidates for encapsulation in most environments. [Sources: 4]

To understand this, we compared the growth rates of lime glass (mainly from SiO 2 and Na 2 CaO) and quartz (mainly from SiO-2) in detail. Together, these techniques have shown that MgO has a higher growth rate in the presence of a monolayer of MoM 2 than MoS 2. As a result of these experiments, the sodium element in soda Lime glass is considered a good candidate for the formation of organic solvents such as sodium chloride (NaC 2). MoO to promote the growth rate of the monolayer and monolayer of MoS2 in a high humidity environment. [Sources: 2, 7]

Borosilicate glass is also more scratch-resistant and ensures that your favourite jug looks new after many years of use. In the event of rapid and uneven temperature fluctuations, borosiliates can break in the glass within seconds. [Sources: 0, 9]

If you consider using a lime glass as a substitute for your normal lime juice glass substrate, the effect should be immediate. However, it should not be used without taking into account a gradual decrease in the Na content in the glass, especially in view of the recent increase in sodium chloride (Na). [Sources: 2]

Although quartz, sodium carbonate and aluminium oxide are traditionally used in glass production, boron is used in the production of borosilicate glass. Borosilicates in glass are lower in atomic mass than borson and have a lower CTE than soda lime glass, which has a very high Cte. There are two types of laboratory glass mentioned above: glass with a high sodium chloride content (Na) and glass without Na. [Sources: 0, 9]

There is no description of the electrostatic clamping force for a substrate made of soda-lime glass to be processed. In this work we conducted a series of experiments on shaped glass and tube borosilicate bottles to compare the different glass compositions and forming technologies. In each phase, optrodes and scattering meters were shown based on vector network analyzers. [Sources: 1, 4, 5, 6]

It turns out that there are several good reasons why borosilicate glass is actually better suited for this application. The chemical resistance of boron - glass minimizes the migration of sodium ions into the glass matrix and makes it so good - is suitable for injectable drug applications. It can also come in a variety of shapes and sizes, such as glass bottles, because it has lower CTE than lemonade. [Sources: 0, 9]

Using the latest innovations in glass manufacturing technology, bespoke glass wafers can be produced using borosilicate glass substrates, using a fully customizable process design to meet the needs of many applications. While glass wafer substrate manufacturing is most commonly used to manufacture glass wafers and silica wafers for the MEMS and semiconductor industries, the fully customizable processes and designs can also be used to manufacture wafers for a variety of pharmaceutical applications. [Sources: 3]

To request a glass wafer made of borosilicate glass or other glass materials according to our individual design, please use our enquiry form. To learn more about our customized manufacturing process and design options for glass substrates, contact us today and request a quote! To send us a request for a custom glass wafer that you cannot find here, click on the following button. [Sources: 3, 8]

The glass materials used in the production of our glass wafers can be found on our website under the heading "Standard Glass Wafers." The tools for the production of glass beads made of borosilicate glass are the same as for the production of glass beads made of soft glass. [Sources: 0, 8]









Enhancing Thermophotovoltaics via Selective Thermal Emitters and Radiative Thermal Management

Scientists have used the soda lime wafers below for this research.

For scalability, the radiative cooler used in this work is a 550 m thick double-side polished
soda-lime glass wafer (1631, UniversityWafer Inc.) with 300 nm Al evaporated on its

Soda Lime Item #1631
100mm 550um DSP NO FLATS

For scalability, the radiative cooler used in this work is a 550 m thick double-side polished soda-lime glass wafer (1631, UniversityWafer Inc.) with 300 nm Al evaporated on its backside.

How to Clean Soda Lime Glass for Darkfield Imaging

A medical researcher requested help with their cleaning question:

I am studying optical darkfield imaging. I usually put a specimen on a glass slide. One thing I have learned so far, the cleanness of soda lime glass substrates is really critical. Standard glass slides (1 x 3 inches) are usually quite dirty and even after several cleaning steps, it was not got better.

Would it be possible for you to customize glass substrates for my application? or if you have glass substrate meet my points? (1) Individually or small amount packaging (2) 25x25 or 25X75 mm2 size. Size doesn't need to be the size I mentioned but it should be 10~30mm in one dimension.

Can you share your standard glass cleaning protocol using ultrasonication? I tried successive ultrasonication using acetone, IPA, water. But it was not that effective. 

UniversityWafer, Inc. Answer:

There are 4 baths to complete the ultra-sonic cleaning process. The first bath has a cleaning agent used (Valtron 2200) with heat and vibration to break down surface particles. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th baths are heated DI water with vibration (to rinse and further break down particles). Then an air dryer and into plastic trays.

Reference #258465 for specs and pricing.

What Soda Lime Substrates to Fabricate Microelectrode Arrays for In Vitro Electrophysiology?

A biomedical researcher requested a quote for the following soda lime substrates.

I placed an order for soda lime wafers (item 1631) . We use these as substrates to fabricate custom microelectrode arrays for in vitro electrophysiology. So we fabricate electrodes on these substrates and use those to record from cultured neurons or acute brain slices.

Reference ##ONLQ31874 more specs and pricing.

How are Soda Lime Wafers Used to Fabricate Microelectrode Arrays?

Soda lime wafers are sometimes used in the fabrication of microelectrode arrays (MEAs), which are devices used to record electrical activity from cells or tissues. The wafers are typically made of silicon or glass and are coated with a layer of soda lime, which is a mixture of sodium hydroxide and calcium oxide.

The process of using soda lime wafers to fabricate MEAs typically involves the following steps:

  1. Cleaning: The wafers are first cleaned to remove any debris or contaminants that could affect the quality of the final product.

  2. Photolithography: A photoresist material is applied to the surface of the wafer, and a pattern of electrodes is etched into the photoresist using a photolithography process. This creates the desired layout of electrodes on the surface of the wafer.

  3. Electrode deposition: The electrodes are then deposited onto the surface of the wafer using a metal deposition process. The soda lime layer helps to stabilize the pH of the solution used in the deposition process.

  4. Insulation: A layer of insulating material is applied over the electrodes to prevent electrical interference between them.

  5. Testing: The MEA is then tested to ensure that it is functioning properly and is capable of recording electrical activity from cells or tissues.

Overall, the use of soda lime wafers helps to stabilize the pH of the solution used in the electrode deposition process, which can improve the quality and consistency of the final product. However, there are many different methods for fabricating MEAs, and the specific process used can vary depending on the materials and techniques involved.