Transmission Infrared Spectroscopy (TIES)

university wafer substrates

What Silicon Wafers are Used in TIES?

Researchers have used the following silicon wafers for transmission infrared spectroscopy (TIES).

Research Paper:

Spectroscopic, Electronic, and Mechanistic Studies of Silicon surfaces Chemically Modified with Short Alkyl Chains






What is Transmission Infrared Spectroscopy?

Transmission infrared spectroscopy is a method of detecting wavelengths in the infrared region. It uses a spectrometer to detect wavelengths of substances. There are several types of IR spectrometers, including Fourier transform spectrometers. The technique also allows for two-dimensional IR.

Transmission infrared spectroscopy

Transmission infrared spectroscopy is a technique that uses infrared radiation to detect molecules. It uses a source to generate the infrared radiations, which then pass through the sample and reach a detector. The detector then amplifies the signals and converts them to a digital signal. The resulting spectra can be analyzed using a computer. The technique is useful for qualitative and quantitative material identification. With this technique, researchers can compare unknown substances to standard IR databases that characterize a variety of materials and define their functionality. They can also use the method to validate the addition of new materials or chemical changes in samples.

IR radiation contains a large range of different wavelengths, ranging from 10 cm-1 to 700 cm-1. Depending on the wavelength, the energy emitted by these spectra can cause a variety of different vibrational motions in molecules. These motions can include bending, stretching, scissoring, twisting, and rocking. In addition to these motions, molecules may also exhibit rotational motions around their bonds.

Frequency scale

Transmission infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) is a technique for studying the absorption and emission spectrum of an object. The spectrum of an IR object can help identify various types of substances. The frequency scale shown below the spectrum represents the intensity of a band and is divided into multiple regions based on the wavelength of the sample.

The frequency scale of transmission infrared spectroscopic measurements is important for determining the structure of a target. In the case of an IR source, the spectra should be narrow enough to be detected. However, narrow wavelengths may lead to a narrower range of spectral measurements.

Absorption bands

Transmission infrared spectroscopy measures a sample's absorption spectrum. It is a common technique in chemistry laboratories. It allows researchers to identify bonds in a sample and the concentrations of the bonds. The process works in the same way as standard optical absorption spectroscopy. This type of spectroscopy provides resolution on the order of ten millimeters. Nevertheless, the resolution decreases dramatically when the sample is kept at room temperature.

Transmission infrared spectroscopy involves passing an infrared light through the sample. When the frequency of the IR matches the vibration of the molecule or the collection of bonds, the spectral information is recorded. The transmitted light reveals the amount of energy that is absorbed at each frequency. Transmission infrared spectroscopy is often performed with a monochromator that scans the wavelength range. Another technique involves using a Fourier transform instrument to measure the whole spectrum.


Transmission infrared spectroscopy, or IR spectroscopy, is a method used to detect changes in materials. This form of spectroscopy uses the mid-IR fundamental bands, which are higher in intensity than overtone, combination, and near-IR fundamental bands. It also yields spectra that are less convoluted than visible light.

Applications of transmission infrared spectrometry are many. This method of analysis can identify a large variety of compounds, including antioxidants and other compounds found in food and drink. It can also be used for fuel analysis and food safety. It is also useful for the detection of counterfeit materials.

Another advantage of transmission spectroscopy is that it is non-destructive, resulting in easy sample recovery. Besides, a large number of spectral libraries are available to compare results. However, there are some limitations of the technique.

Fiber optics

Fiber optics and transmission infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy techniques can measure the spectral properties of various materials. One such technique uses an attenuated total reflection (ATR) probe, which is operative in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is composed of a FTIR spectrometer and a bundle of infrared transmitting fibers with end faces perpendicular to the central axis.

FTIR analysis requires the proper type of ATR fiber probe, which depends on the nature of the sample. A typical FT-IR analyzer can be visualized in Figure 5. The optical fiber probe guides the light from the analyzer. The detector then captures the light with the sample's spectra and returns it to the analyzer. The data are then analyzed.