What is Nitride? How is Nitride used for Research and Production?

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Types of Nitride Deposited onto Silicon Surfaces

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  • Stoichiometric LPCVD Nitride
  • PECVD Nitride
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Important Nitride Terms

  • Silicon nitride
  • RF sputtering
  • Refractive index
  • FTIR
  • AFM
  • SEM


What is Nitride?

Silicon Nitride, a man-made element, also known as silicon, is a semiconductor having a color of gray. In its most common form, it consists of two silicon atoms bound together with an element called naphthalene. Silicon nitride has unique features making it highly useful in a wide range of applications. They are extremely hard wearing and durable, which makes them ideal for abrasive cleaners, friction-sensitive machinery parts, impact seals, and many other industries. Apart from these uses, they are also used for cosmetic purposes in electronics and dentistry, electronics applications, aerospace, medical, cosmetic, aerospace, military, and energy. Silicon nitride is also the main component in LPCVD, a material designed to withstand shock, heat, and extreme temperature.

Silicon is known to be one of the most frequently found elements on earth, and silicon nitride happens to be the second most abundant element after carbon. Silicon nitride, at room temperature, is gas-free, meaning it is inert under ordinary conditions. As it is gas-free, it is unlikely to trigger any allergic reactions or produce any fumes. Therefore, they are considered to be suitable for use in a wide range of environments where safety is an issue.

Silicon nitride was first used in structural applications, as it provided excellent tensile strength and durability. It was widely used for everything from the connecting linkages in the underground pipes and buildings to the reinforcing balustrades in high-rise buildings. Its strength and resistance to erosion made it an important building material and soon it was also used for constructing ships. In fact, the term 'Silicon' is derived from the name of a town in Germany where engineers used to experiment with casting. Silicone was later found to have high thermal conductivity, meaning that it had the potential to be used for creating extremely efficient lenses, mirrors, thermometers, and cutters. It is also thought to have some anti-corrosion properties, which explains why it was used for repairing gun barrels after the World War I exploded them.

Now, Silicon nitride is used for a wide range of applications in diverse industries. Silicone Nitride is used to make the friction rolls in high-performance racing cars. Its high compressive strength and its tensile strength allow it to withstand high levels of stress, preventing the wheels from slipping or wearing down. In addition, its unique feature of being a solid conductor of electricity makes it ideal for powering high-powered tools such as snow blowers and electric drills. In electronics, silicon nitride also finds extensive use in the battery industry. Due to the fact that it does not lose its electrical conduction capacity with exposure to heat, it is often used to build up the plates in the terminals of cell phones, laptops, and other electronic devices.

Medical-grade silicon nitride has been in use for quite a long time in the United States. Silicone nitride solutions have been used to build up artificial knee caps, crutches, and even hip pads. These high-tech implants have saved countless lives all across the country since they are extremely strong and durable. These implants have also saved countless dollars for hospitals as they do not wear down as fast as other traditional prosthetics.

For this reason, silicon nitride continues to be a staple in the medical and industrial sectors. Its high elasticity, tensile strength, and electrical conduction properties make it highly resistant to a number of stresses, making it one of the most stable building and material components in the world. Unfortunately, due to its extreme high temperature tolerance, it can be very dangerous if exposed to high temperatures.

Since silicon nitride can be extremely dangerous if it comes into contact with high heat, the federal government places a high level of pressure on the silicon manufacturers to apply heat-resistant additives to their products. However, ther

e are still some loopholes in the heat resistance additives. Since silicon nitride loses its elasticity when exposed to high temperatures, some manufacturers avoid putting the additive on the surface of their materials until the final step of manufacturing. Afterward, they place the heat-resistant additives on the material and expose them to high temperature. Unfortunately, because silicon nitride cannot withstand direct heat, the silicone will melt and expand within hours of exposure.

This explains why most hospitals do not use silicon nitride during surgeries. The silicon will melt and cause too much blood loss and tissue damage, which is fatal in most cases. Even though it is very hard to control the amount of silicon that leaks into the body during the manufacturing process, it is still possible to prevent the leaks by applying high pressure during the manufacturing process. In fact, the majority of silicon producers utilize high pressure as a means of preventing leaks from happening. High pressure helps solidify the silicon nitride and prevent it from leaking out into the body.